The best-known decorative elements of the interior are the mosaics, which consist of placing many different small tiles to form figures and artistic motifs. Hagia Sophia’s mosaics mostly portray the imperial families, images of Christ, and the Virgin Mary. Some relevant examples are: The Mosaic of the Apse.
Are there mosaics in the Hagia Sophia?
Mosaics depicting Christian icons in the Hagia Sophia will be covered during muslim prayer, after the site was converted back into a functioning mosque earlier this month. … The Virgin Mary and Christ mosaic in the apse of Hagia Sophia. Courtesy Wikimedia Commons.
Who made the mosaics in Hagia Sophia?
Hagia Sophia mosaics were commissioned by different Byzantine Emperors during the 9th and 13th Centuries.
What was the Hagia Sophia decorated with?
One of the greatest surviving architectural wonders of the Byzantine period, the spacious interiors of the Hagia Sophia was decorated artistically with huge marble pillars, priceless mosaics and other coverings.
Why were the mosaics in the Hagia Sophia removed or covered for a time?
He said the ancient frescos and icons of the former cathedral would be covered by curtains during prayer times as Islam does not allow Muslim believers to pray before human images. He dismissed fears that Hagia Sophia would be closed to visitors, and that the priceless mosaics might be damaged.
What is Byzantine mosaic art?
Byzantine mosaics are mosaics produced from the 4th to 15th centuries in and under the influence of the Byzantine Empire. Mosaics were some of the most popular and historically significant art forms produced in the empire, and they are still studied extensively by art historians.
What is deesis mosaic?
The Deësis mosaic in Hagia Sophia
The monumental Deësis mosaic depicts Christ flanked by the Virgin Mary and John the Baptist approximately two and a half times larger than life. … This type of image is referred to as a deësis (δέησις), which means “entreaty,” suggesting an act of asking, pleading, begging.
Is Hagia Sophia the Blue Mosque?
Until the completion of Istanbul’s Blue Mosque in 1616 the Hagia Sophia was the main mosque in the city, and its architecture inspired builders of the Blue Mosque and several others around the city and the world. After the end of World War I in 1918, the Ottoman Empire was defeated and divided by the victorious Allies.
Was Aya Sophia bought?
Hagia Sophia was purchased by Sultan Mehmed Fatih: A historical fact – Siyasat Network.
What makes Hagia Sophia unique?
A Church and a Mosque
The fact that the building still showcases features of both Christian and Islamic architecture makes this monument a unique architectural masterpiece. The Byzantine architecture of Hagia Sophia served as an inspiration for many other Ottoman mosques such as Istanbul’s Blue Mosque.
Was Hagia Sophia a pagan temple?
The structure originally erected on the site of the Hagia Sophia was a Christian cathedral called the Megale Ekklesia, which was commissioned by the first Christian Roman emperor, Constantine I. Prior to that, the site had been home to a pagan temple.
Is the Hagia Sophia a museum?
Originally built as a Christian Orthodox church and serving that purpose for centuries, Hagia Sophia was transformed into a mosque by the Ottomans upon their conquest of Constantinople in 1453. In 1934, it was declared a museum by the secularist Turkish leader Mustafa Kemal Atatürk.