Is Mosaic attenuation serious?
Mosaic attenuation can be an indirect sign of small airways disease on inspiratory CT. Although mosaic attenuation is a nonspecific finding, small airway causes of mosaicism are more common than vascular causes (24).
What is mosaic attenuation?
Mosaic attenuation is a CT pattern defined by the Fleischner Society glossary as a. “patchwork of regions of differing attenuation seen on CT of the lungs.” It is. characterized by heterogeneous lung attenuation with well-defined borders cor- responding to the secondary pulmonary lobules.
What does lung attenuation mean?
A decrease in lung attenuation can be observed when this balance is disturbed by either an abnormal increase in the amount of air, an abnormal decrease in the intravascular blood volume with, as a result, a smaller calibre of the small vessels, and in case of loss of (interstitial) lung tissue.
What is Mosaic ground glass?
This CT mosaic pattern of lung attenuation is a nonspecific finding that can reflect the presence of vascular disease, airway abnormalities, or ground-glass interstitial or air-space infiltrates. … In infiltrative diseases, the vessels are more uniform in size throughout the different regions of lung attenuation.
What causes mosaic attenuation?
Vascular causes resulting in mosaic attenuation are typically chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension, which is characterized by organizing thrombi in the elastic pulmonary arteries, or pulmonary arterial hypertension, a heterogeneous group of diseases affecting the distal pulmonary arterioles.
How is small airway disease treated?
Patients with small airways disease seem to benefit from inhaled asthma medications that have improved capacity to reach the distal lung compartment. This is especially important for patients with severe asthma, who rely upon high doses of inhaled corticosteroid and bronchodilators for asthma control.
What does attenuation mean in radiology?
Attenuation is the reduction of the intensity of an x-ray beam as it traverses matter. The reduction may be caused by absorption or by deflection (scatter) of photons from the beam and can be affected by different factors such as beam energy and atomic number of the absorber.
What is attenuation in CT scan?
The density of the tissue is in proportion to the attenuation of the x-rays which pass through. Tissues like air and water have little attenuation and are displayed as low densities (dark), whereas bone has high attenuation and is displayed as high density (bright) on CT. … Low density lesions include edema and necrosis.
What is a mosaic pattern?
A mosaic is a pattern or image made of small regular or irregular pieces of colored stone, glass or ceramic, held in place by plaster/mortar, and covering a surface. Mosaics are often used as floor and wall decoration, and were particularly popular in the Ancient Roman world.
What causes lung attenuation?
The increased lung attenuation pattern develops when the amount of air in the airspaces and in the lumen of the airways decreases (resulting from lung volume decrease or from partial or total filling of the airspaces) and when the soft tissue structures increase in size and/or amount, two phenomena that often occur …
What does low attenuation on a CT scan mean?
Attenuation is a feature of CT, and low attenuation means that a particular area is less intense than the surrounding. All of the malignant nodules confirmed by biopsy have low attenuation, with the exception of two which have a mixture of high and low attenuation.
What is small airway disease?
Small airways disease comprise of a group infectious as well as non-infectious conditions that affect the small airways (i.e. airways that are more peripheral to the main bronchi and proximal bronchioles (4th the 14th generation) – arbitrarily considered to be those with an internal diameter of ≤2 mm 3).