Frequent question: What is beaded hair?

Monilethrix, or beaded hair, is an inherited condition whereby strands of hair take on the appearance of beads on a necklace when viewed under a microscope1. This very distinct shape is caused by the diameter of the hair shaft changing throughout the length of the hair.

How do you treat beaded hair?

No definitive therapy is recognized, but topical minoxidil 2% (1 mL night and day for 1 y) led to an increase of normal hair shaft without any adverse effects in one report. Topical minoxidil 2% may be a good therapeutic option to treat monilethrix, although its use in children may require enhanced monitoring.

What is a beaded hair shaft?

Beaded hair/monilethrix



The name beaded hair reflects hair shafts with narrowed segments between “nodes” of normal thickness. It is also called monilethrix. The scalp is most commonly involved. The affected hair shafts appear beaded a few months after birth.

What are the symptoms of monilethrix?

Monilethrix is a rare inherited disorder characterized by sparse, dry, and/or brittle hair that often breaks before reaching more than a few inches in length. The hair may lack luster, and there may be patchy areas of hair loss (alopecia).

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How do you take care of monilethrix hair?

Steroid preparations, retinoids, glycolic acids, oral contraceptives, and vitamins can also be used to treat the condition albeit with limited success. Since monilethrix is a lifelong disease, it is important that patients avoid exposing their hair to sunlight, chemicals such as hair dye or bleach, and high heat.

What is the cause of beaded hair?

Monilethrix is caused by mutations in one of several genes. Mutations in the KRT81 gene, the KRT83 gene, the KRT86 gene, or the DSG4 gene account for most cases of monilethrix. These genes provide instructions for making proteins that give structure and strength to strands of hair.

Why do I have beaded hair?

This very distinct shape is caused by the diameter of the hair shaft changing throughout the length of the hair. In many cases this is a result of an individual unable to produce proper keratin, the structural protein necessary for forming hair, skin and nails.

What does bubble hair look like?

Bubble hair is an acquired hair shaft deformity characterized by bubble-like areas in the hair shaft seen with light microscopy and corresponding cavitary defects with scanning electron microscopy. … Hair appears dry, wiry, with patchy loss of hair due to excessive fragility.

Should you pluck Pili Multigemini?

Plucking them out with tweezers is an inexpensive option, but because these hairs take up more space, some people may find them more painful to tweeze than ordinary hairs. There’s no evidence that removing pili multigemini by plucking will cause the same kind of hair to regrow in that area.

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What is Uncombable hair syndrome?

Uncombable hair syndrome is a condition that is characterized by dry, frizzy hair that cannot be combed flat. This condition develops in childhood, often between infancy and age 3, but can appear as late as age 12. Affected children have light-colored hair, described as blond or silvery with a glistening sheen.

What type of hair is caused by the absence of melanin?

People with OCA1a have a complete absence of melanin. This is the pigment that gives skin, eyes, and hair their coloring. People with this subtype have white hair, very pale skin, and light eyes.

What is woolly hair syndrome?

Woolly hair syndrome is a group of disorders involving structural defects in the hair shaft characterized by extreme kinkiness of scalp hair commonly seen in Caucasians and Asians.[5] Familial woolly hair is probably transmitted as AR inheritance and there is a marked reduction in the diameter of hair shafts, which may …

How can Monilethrix be prevented?

The systemic administration of vitamins, retinoids, griseofulvin, oral contraceptives, steroids, radiation therapy , external desquamative ointments, and steroid preparations have not show impressive results. Avoiding trauma is perhaps the most effective method of managing monilethrix.

Why do my hair follicles get infected?

When hair follicles are damaged, they may be invaded by viruses, bacteria and fungi, leading to infections such as folliculitis. Superficial folliculitis affects the upper part of the hair follicle and the skin directly next to the follicle.

What treatment has been scientifically proven to increase hair growth?

Minoxidil (Rogaine).



Products with minoxidil help many people regrow their hair or slow the rate of hair loss or both. It’ll take at least six months of treatment to prevent further hair loss and to start hair regrowth.

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