Which insect causes yellow vein mosaic of Bhindi?

Bhendi yellow vein mosaic virus (BYVMV) or okra yellow vein mosaic (OYVMV) is a viral disease caused by monopartite Begomovirus affecting okra plants. It was first found in 1924 in Bombay, India, and Sri Lanka. It is the major limitation of the production of okra. This disease is transmitted by whitefly.

What is causative agent of yellow vein mosaic Bhindi?

Bhendi yellow vein mosaic disease in India is caused by association of a DNA Beta satellite with a begomovirus. Virology.

How can we prevent yellow vein mosaic in Bhindi?

Parbhani Kranti, Janardhan, Haritha, Arka Anamika and Arka Abhay can tolerate yellow vein mosaic. For sowing during the summer season, when the whitefly activity is high, the susceptible varieties should be avoided. Spraying monocrotophos 1.5 ml/litre of water can restrict the disease spread.

What causes mosaic virus?

Mosaic viruses are mostly spread by insects, especially aphids and leafhoppers. You can try covering your plants with a floating row cover or aluminum foil mulches to prevent these insects from infecting your plants.

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What is okra disease?

Powdery Mildew: If you observe a greyish white powdery formation on your bhindi plant with reduced yield then your plant has this disease. It is a common occurrence in Okra plant and is caused by Fungus.

How does the yellow vein mosaic disease spread from one plant to another?

Bhendi yellow vein mosaic virus (BYVMV) or okra yellow vein mosaic (OYVMV) is a viral disease caused by monopartite Begomovirus affecting okra plants. It was first found in 1924 in Bombay, India, and Sri Lanka. It is the major limitation of the production of okra. This disease is transmitted by whitefly.

How does the disease spread from one plant to another?

All viruses that spread within their host tissues (systemically) can be transmitted by grafting branches or buds from diseased plants on healthy plants. … Most disease-causing viruses are carried and transmitted naturally by insects and mites, which are called vectors of the virus.

What happens in yellow vein mosaic of Bhindi?

This disease is caused by a complex consisting of the monopartite begomovirus Bhendi yellow vein mosaic virus (BYVMV, family: Geminiviridae) and a small satellite DNA β component. BYVMV can systemically infect bhendi upon agroinoculation but produces only mild leaf curling in this host.

Why do ladies fingers turn yellow?

This is a viral disease occurring on bhendi (Okra/Lady’s Finger). … The veins of the leaves will be cleared by the virus and interveinal area becomes completely yellow or white. The veins become considerably thickened. The infection may start at any stage of plant growth.

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Is it safe to eat squash with mosaic virus?

Yes, you can eat squash and melons that are infected with mosaic virus. These viruses are not harmful to humans and do not cause the fruit to rot. Often the discoloration is only skin deep. In cases where fruit are severely distorted, the texture of the fruit may be affected and may not be desirable for eating.

Is mosaic virus harmful to humans?

“These viruses are specific to plants and do not harm humans. The presence of mosaic won’t cause fruits to rot prematurely but severely distorted fruit will have a different texture, so use your own judgement.”

Does mosaic virus stay in soil?

Tomato mosaic virus and tobacco mosaic virus can exist for two years in dry soil or leaf debris, but will only persist one month if soil is moist. The viruses can also survive in infected root debris in the soil for up to two years.

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