Empress Theodora And Retinue. This Mosaic is found in the Basilica of San Vitale. It is found on the left wall of the apse and it represents Empress Theodora and her offerings to Christ. Theodora is represented as part of an Imperial court group.
What is the purpose of the Justinian mosaic in San Vitale?
This mosaic thus establishes the central position of the Emperor between the power of the church and the power of the imperial administration and military. Like the Roman Emperors of the past, Justinian has religious, administrative, and military authority.
Who is in the mosaic of Justinian?
Justinian and Theodora panels
At the foot of the apse side walls are two famous mosaic panels, completed in 547. On the right is a mosaic depicting the East Roman Emperor Justinian I, clad in Tyrian purple with a golden halo, standing next to court officials, Bishop Maximian, palatinae guards and deacons.
What are the characteristics of the court of Empress Theodora mosaic?
She is crowned with a halo. Her position in the mosaic shows her status as co-regent. She has a richly attire decorated with jewels. She also has strings of pearls, which were believed to have special powers to prevent sickness, hanging down from her crown.
What is the purpose of mosaics?
Mosaics are often used as floor and wall decoration, and were particularly popular in the Ancient Roman world. Mosaic today includes not just murals and pavements, but also artwork, hobby crafts, and industrial and construction forms. Mosaics have a long history, starting in Mesopotamia in the 3rd millennium BC.
What is Justinian mosaic made of?
It was dedicated to the martyr Vitalis, the patron saint of Ravenna. At the time, the city was the capital of the Western Roman Empire. The octagonal structure is made of marble and capped by a lofty terra-cotta dome. The celebrated mosaics were strongly influenced by similar work at Constantinople (Istanbul).
How were saints shown in mosaics?
Romans drew ideas from the Greeks (Homer). How were saints shown in mosaics? Mosaics with saints were featured in churches. … Over time, they began to speak Greek, instead of Latin.
Which describes Justinian’s code?
The Justinian´s Code was a set of laws written and sponsored by order of the emperor Justinian I of the Byzantine Empire, now they are studied as a fundamental work on jurisprudence and it unified the laws and statutes of the Byzantine Empire.
What is Justinian known for?
Justinian is best remembered for his work as a legislator and codifier. … He also sponsored the codification of laws known as the Codex Justinianus (Code of Justinian) and directed the construction of several important cathedrals, including the Hagia Sophia. Byzantine Empire. Learn about this historical Eastern empire.
What is the overarching theme of the mosaics in the church of San Vitale?
A major theme of this mosaic program is the authority of the emperor in the Christian plan of history.