The selvedges are the left and right edges on the sides of your piece as you are weaving it on the loom. A floating selvedge is an extra warp thread on both the left and right side of your weaving, that is threaded through the reed but not through a heddle.
What is a selvage in weaving?
A selvage (US English) or selvedge (British English) is a “self-finished” edge of a piece of fabric which keeps it from unraveling and fraying. The term “self-finished” means that the edge does not require additional finishing work, such as hem or bias tape, to prevent fraying.
What is selvage in textile?
A selvage is the tightly woven edge of a fabric. It prevents the side edges of the fabric from raveling or fraying. … The selvage, because it’s densely woven, is sturdier than the rest of the fabric, so it can be more difficult to sew through.
What is selvedge and its types?
Selvedge is the edges of both sides of the fabric along the fabric length. While you will be handling fabrics in the garment and textile industry, the selvedge is a common technical term you should know. A selvage (US English) or selvedge (British English) is a self-finished edge of the fabric (Wikipedia definition).
How do you keep weaving selvedge straight?
10 Tips to weaving straight edges
- Tip 1: Check the warp tension.
- Tip 2: Use bobbins or shuttles that are not too full.
- Tip 3: Shorten project time.
- Tip 4: Pinch the edge of the previous weft yarn.
- Tip 5: Weave the weft yarn on a diagonal.
- Tip 6: Gently pull on the warp edges.
Which type of selvedge can be produced by shuttleless loom?
The tucked selvedge is a technique used on some shuttleless looms. A device is used to tuck and hold the cut ends into the fabric edge. In tucked-in selvedge, the fringed edges of the weft yarns are woven back into the body of the fabric using a special tuck-in mechanism.
What does the word selvedge mean?
1a : the edge on either side of a woven or flat-knitted fabric so finished as to prevent raveling specifically : a narrow border often of different or heavier threads than the fabric and sometimes in a different weave. b : an edge (as of fabric or paper) meant to be cut off and discarded.
What is peg plan?
The graphical representation of how the loom will activate the harnesses during weaving. Also called chain plan or chain draft.
What is a selvage quilt?
A selvage is the side of fabric where the finished edge stops the edges from fraying. The warp threads run parallel down the length of the fabric and the selvage is created when the weft threads are folded back on themselves at the end of each row as the fabric is woven.
What is a Grainline on a pattern?
Grainline is essentially the weave of the fabric: which direction the threads are running. … Straight grain, or lengthwise grain, are the threads going parallel to the selvedge of the fabric – the uncut edges that are bound so that they do not unravel. When fabric is cut at a shop, it is cut on the crossgrain.
What is fused selvedge?
Fused selvedges are heat-sealed type, usually on fabrics made of thermoplastic fibers. When fabrics are woven on airjet looms, both the selvedges are not sealed as in plain. These can be fused together sealing the edges.
Why is my weaving pulling in?
As I mentioned, having your weave sides pull in, happens from your weft thread being pulled at a tighter tension then it previously was (you can brush up on weaving terms here). … This tends to pull on the end warp thread so that some rows are pulled in more then other rows, causing the non-straight sides.
How do I make my weave tighter?
While weaving, if the warp becomes too loose, you can insert a small wooden stick to tighten the tension. By inserting the small stick between two warp strands at the top of the loom, you can rotate it slowly and twist the yarns up. You will notice that the warp will tighten.
How do you fix uneven warp tension?
The outer ends of the warp are looser than the rest
This can be adjusted by pressing an extra slat down at an angle inside the loose sections. One more secret in the bag of tricks to manage uneven warp tension. Simply insert extra warping slats into the warp against the warp beam.