How is knitting production calculated?

Single bed flat knitting m/c’s needle = width× gauge. GSM = {WPI× CPI × (39.37)2×stitch length (mm) ×Tex /1000× 1000} g/m2. Stitch density = (WPI × CPI) inch-2 = (WPC ×CPC) cm-2. No of sinker = No of needle.

How do you calculate wales per inch?

Ans.: TF = 14.7 = √tex/loop length cm Loop length inches = l = 0.146 Wales/inch = KW / l = 4.29/0.146 = 29.38 Machine gauge for yarn of 20s Ne = 20 Open width of tube of diameter 26″= 81.68″ Number of wale lines in fabric = Number of needles in machine = 29.38 x 81.68″ = 2400 = π x machine diameter x machine gauge …

How do you calculate GSM in knitting fabric?

For measuring GSM, fabric sample is cut by GSM cutter. Weight is taken by electric balance. By this way we get the weight in gram per one square meter fabric [13]. Here GSM of the fabrics by the GSM cutter is obtained by the multiplying the sample weight with 100.

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How do you calculate the production of a circular knitting machine?

× × ×60 × ×100 (m/hr) = 35 × 68 × 0.75 × 60 1 × 17 × 100 = 63 /ℎ Total width of the fabric, = × × × 100 = 3.1416 × 23 × 24 13 × 100 = 1.33 Production Capacity, = × × 1000 kg/hr = 63 × 1.33 × 160 1000 = 13.40 /ℎ …

How do you calculate textile production?

24. Production Calculation of Yarn singeing machine: Length = Count * Weight = Count * Weight * 840 yards = (Count * Weight * 840) / rpm yards per minute = (Count * Weight * 840) / rpm * 60 * 8 * 3 yards per day = (Count * Weight * 840) / rpm * 60 * 8 * 3 * 0.914 =…… X…meter/day.

Is called the heart of knitting machine?

In all knitting machines, the main element for the intermeshing of loops is ‘the needle. When the machine was developed in 1589 by William Lee, ‘a spring beard needle’ was used. …

What is course per inch?

The horizontal row of loops or stitches running across the width of a knitted fabric corresponding to course of a knitted fabric. Numbers of course in an inch in knitted fabric is called course per inch (CPI). On the other hand, the column of loops running lengthwise the fabric is known as wales.

What is GSM material?

GSM stands for grams per square meter, and is a standard measurement for fabric weight. The cutter allows us to cut out a perfect circle with an area of 100 cm, and the scale precisely measures the weight of the little fabric circle. We can then multiply that number by 100 to get the GSM of the fabric.

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What is 180GSM?

GSM is short for grams per square meter. All fabrics have a weight, and the standard measurement for the weight and quality of fabrics i.e. grams per square meter. This number refers to the density of the fabric. … Our tests indicate that 180GSM fabrics are the best suited for T-shirts.

How does gauge work in knitting?

Gauge is just a measure of how big your stitches are. Gauge has two parts: stitches and rows. This means gauge is measuring both the width of your stitches and the height of your stitches. Not all knitters stitch the same way: Some of us tend to knit tighter stitches while others have a very loose technique.

How do I calculate my knitting machine?

Needle Calculation Formula:

  1. Single jersey circular knitting machine needle = ∏DG.
  2. Rib/Inter lock /Double jersey circular knitting machine needle = ∏DG×2 (two needle bed is here)
  3. Single bed flat knitting m/c’s needle = width× gauge.
  4. GSM = {WPI× CPI × (39.37)2×stitch length (mm) ×Tex /1000× 1000} g/m2.

How many types of knitting machines are there?

Knitting machines are broadly classified as weft knitting and warp knitting machines. In each of these machine classes – knitting machines are further classified depending on the machines shape and knitting technology.

What is the difference between flat knit and circular knit?

Circular knit fabric has a gauge of 12 to 22. The higher the gauge is, the thinner the fabric. Flat knit is made with a machine that knits the fabric in sheets (or flat) and the gauge is 2 to 10. Flat knit is thick sweater fabric like your grandma makes sitting in a rocking chair with two needle-sticks.

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What is the formula for calculating production?

You can measure employee productivity with the labor productivity equation: total output / total input. Let’s say your company generated $80,000 worth of goods or services (output) utilizing 1,500 labor hours (input). To calculate your company’s labor productivity, you would divide 80,000 by 1,500, which equals 53.

What is the formula for the production budget?

For a Manufacturing company, the next budget is a Production Budget. It uses the Sales Budget and the Finished Goods Inventory account. Budgeted Sales units + Desired Ending Finished Goods Inventory – Beginning Finished Goods Inventory = Units to be produced.

What is the formula for cost of production?

The production cost formula can be expressed as follows: – Production Cost Formula = Direct Labor + Direct Material + Overhead Costs on Manufacturing. Source: Production Cost Formula (wallstreetmojo.com) Here, Overhead costs on manufacturing= Indirect labor cost + Indirect Material cost + Other variable overhead costs.

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