Knitting, production of fabric by employing a continuous yarn or set of yarns to form a series of interlocking loops. Knit fabrics can generally be stretched to a greater degree than woven types. … Most filling knits can be made by hand or machine, although commercial fabrics are generally machine-made.
How is knitted fabric made?
Knitted fabrics are fibrous structures characterized by a basic structure called loop, and are produced by the interlooping of one or more yarns. They can be produced using warp-knitting technology, and also by weft-knitting technology, producing fabrics with different characteristics and properties.
What two basic methods are used to construct knitted fabrics?
Use of more wale and course yarns per inch creates a knit that has good recovery from stretch. The two basic methods of constructing knits are weft (or filling) knits and warp knits. Each method produces a variety of types of knit fabrics.
What’s the process of knitting?
The knitting process basically involves continuously interlinking or knotting series of loops of yarn using needles. These consecutive loops are intermeshed into the previous loop structure.
How is knitted fabric held together?
They consist of one or more parallel layers of yarns held together by a warp knit loop system. … Warp, weft and bias yarns are held together by a chain or tricot stitch through the thickness of the fabric (Du and Ko, 1996).
Is knit fabric good for summer?
Knit fabrics have a soft texture and great breathability. In the hot season, knitted garments allow the body to breathe, in cold weather, on the contrary, keep you warm. … Products made from knit fabric can be thin, airy, warm and cozy. Easy to care.
Is cotton knitted or woven?
For instance, cotton is a type of fiber that comes in both knit and woven designs. Each structure can be further classified into construction type; how they are knit together. The other method includes non- woven fabrics. Fabric such as felting, laminating, and bonding are considered non-woven.
What are knitted fabrics properties?
Knitted fabrics are produced by interlooping of yarns and showed increasing demand for their shape fitting, smoothness, flexibility, elasticity, and good elastic recovery. But, all knitted fabrics may not have these properties equally.
What are the 3 main types of fabric construction?
Weaving and knitting are the most common fabric construction methods. Other methods include non-woven fabrics such as felting, laminating and bonding.
What are the types of knitted fabric?
Knitted Fabric Types
- Flat or Jersey Knit Fabric. …
- Purl Knit Fabric. …
- Rib Stitch Knit Fabric. …
- Interlock Stitch Knit Fabric. …
- Double Knit Fabric. …
- Warp Knitted Fabric. …
- Tricot Knit Fabric. …
- Raschel Knit Fabric.
What are the two method of knitting?
In knitting, there are two basic styles of technique: the English method and the German or Continental method. The only real difference lies in how the yarn is held. With the English method, the working yarn is held in the right hand; with the Continental method, it is held in the left.
What is knit fabric example?
Examples include button up shirts, trousers, jeans, denim jackets. Knit fabric is produced by interloping (or knitting) one set of yarn. Examples include leggings, t shirts, sweaters, underwear.
Can I use woven fabric for a knit pattern?
A loose fit knit pattern can usually be sewn from a woven, but you should pay attention to armscyes and necklines to make sure they don’t need to stretch to fit on the body. … Knit fabric typically drapes and clings more than most wovens. If the pattern is very fitted however, the substitution becomes less possible.
Is weaving faster than knitting?
Knitting is faster than braiding, but slower than weaving or twisting. Unlike weaving, braiding and twisting, knitting does not require the use of special yarn packages. This eliminates the requirement that the yarn be respooled, and thus reduces total production time.
What is felted fabric used for?
Felt has been used in many cultures as a material for clothing, footwear, rugs and even tents. The distinctive yurt was traditionally made from felt. Today, felt is used in many craft projects. One of the reasons behind the renewed popularity of felt for use in crafts is its sheer versatility.