In knitting, a wale is a column of loops running lengthwise, corresponding to the warp of woven fabric; a course is a crosswise row of loops, corresponding to the filling. Most filling knits can be made by hand or machine, although commercial fabrics are generally machine-made.
In which type of knitting are loops made as yarn is added in the crosswise direction?
The knitting loops are made one at a time and added to each other in a crosswise direction (figure 7). This row of loops is called a “course” and is similar to the crosswise grain in woven fabrics.
What do you call the lengthwise and crosswise direction of yarn in a fabric?
The lengthwise yarns (sometimes called the warp) run parallel to the selvage edge of the fabric. They are usually more tightly twisted, stronger, and more stable than the crosswise yarns. The crosswise yarns (sometimes called the woof, weft, or filling) are perpendicular, or at right angles to the selvage.
What is the shorter yarns that run crosswise in woven fabric?
weaving, lengthwise yarns are called warp; crosswise yarns are called weft, or filling. Most woven fabrics are made with their outer edges finished in a manner that avoids raveling; these are called selvages. They run lengthwise, parallel to the warp yarns.
Which of the following refers to all of the lengthwise and crosswise grains of a fabric being perpendicular to each other?
the lengthwise yarns called warp yarns form the lengthwise grain in woven fabrics. This grain runs parallel to the selvage edge of the fabric. … the crosswise grain is perpendicular to the lengthwise grain. It is formed by the crosswise yarns which are also called weft, or filling yarns.
What country knits the most?
For a country known for its boiling hot weather it’s quite baffling, but that’s why we decided to find out which countries have the most knitters (calculated by the number of official knitting groups). Germany is a top one, with its long history of textile and crafts.
Which knitting fabric has curly?
Fabrics in which the number of knit and purl stitches are not the same, such as stockinette/stocking stitch, have a tendency to curl; by contrast, those in which knit and purl stitches are arranged symmetrically (such as ribbing, garter stitch or seed/moss stitch) tend to lie flat and drape well.
Which direction is the grain of fabric?
Fabric grain refers to the direction of the warp and weft threads used in weaving the fabric. Straight grain is in the direction of the warp threads, which run parallel to the selvages, and cross grain runs in the direction of the weft threads, which run perpendicular to the selvage edges.
Which fabric is least likely to snag?
Plain weave is the simplest weave and the most commonly used. Each yarn simply goes over and under, over and under without any floating yarns and as a result this weave has the highest number of interlacing points, making a tightly woven fabric that does not snag easily.
Is the industry term for the yarns in the crosswise direction of a woven fabric?
In weaving, lengthwise yarns are called warp; crosswise yarns are called weft, or filling. Most woven fabrics are made with their outer edges finished in a manner that avoids raveling; these are called selvages. They run lengthwise, parallel to the warp yarns. The three basic weaves are plain, twill, and satin.
What is filling yarn?
Filling, also called Weft, or Woof, in woven fabrics, the widthwise, or horizontal, yarns carried over and under the warp, or lengthwise, yarns and running from selvage to selvage.
When single yarns are twisted together the result is a ply yarn?
Ply, plied, or folded, yarns are composed of two or more single yarns twisted together. Two-ply yarn, for example, is composed of two single strands; three-ply yarn is composed of three single strands.