Textured yarns are synthetic filament yarns that are made bulky or stretchy by heating or other techniques. In yarns used for weaving, the warp, or lengthwise, yarns are usually made stronger, more tightly twisted, smoother, and more even than the filling, or crosswise, yarns.
What is textured yarn made from?
yarns of synthetic fibers that differ from ordinary textile yarns in their greater bulk, strong crimp, loose structure, and, in some cases, high stretchability.
What is textured yarn in textile?
Texturing is the formation of crimp, loops, coils, or crinkles in filaments. Such changes in the physical form of a fibre (several examples of which are shown in Figure 3) affect the behaviour and hand of fabrics made from them.
How can you tell if yarn is textured?
Textured yarns are qualified as:
They are produced by false twist texturizing or by edge crimping using only one heating zone. High stretch 300 to 400%with moderate to high bulk. Modified stretch yarns: They are produced by the presence of second heating zone during false twist or edge crimping process.
Why do we texture yarn?
Texturing improves the use characteristics and hygienic properties of synthetic yarns. Textured yarns are used for manufacturing a wide variety of textile products: hosiery, knitted underwear and outer wear, and shape-retaining knitted fabrics for men’s and women’s suits and overcoats.
What are the properties of textured yarn?
Texturizing processes were originally applied to synthetic fibres to reduce such characteristics as transparency, slipperiness, and the possibility of pilling (formation of small fibre tangles on a fabric surface). Texturizing processes make yarns more opaque, improve appearance and texture, and increase warmth and…
What is yarn and its types?
The three basic classifications of textile yarn include staple fiber yarn, which uses mostly short natural fibers to make yarn; ply yarns, which involve one or more strands of staple fiber yarn wound together; and filament yarn, which is wound from one or more long continuous filaments.
What is simple yarn?
A yarn which is smooth and uniform and evenly twisted is called a simple yarn. It is commonly used for making fabric like poplin and cambric. Simple yarns are further classified into three types. A simple single yarn is an assemblage of fibres evenly twisted together.
What is a 2 ply yarn?
In textile: Ply yarns. Ply, plied, or folded, yarns are composed of two or more single yarns twisted together. Two-ply yarn, for example, is composed of two single strands; three-ply yarn is composed of three single strands.
What is fancy yarn in textile?
A fancy yarn is made with a distinctive irregular profile or a construction that differs from the basic single and folded yarns, the objective is to enhance the aesthetics of the end product. The fancy yarn gives a fancy touch to the fabrics to a broad range of end uses.
What is a blend yarn?
Blending, in yarn production, process of combining fibres of different origins, length, thickness, or colour to make yarn. … Fabrics made from such fibres are called blends. Blending also refers to the process of combining small amounts of the same fibre taken from different lots to achieve a uniform result.
What is bulk textured yarn?
: synthetic staple-fiber yarn containing a proportion of stretched fiber that will contract and crimp during wet finishing, used in knitted and woven fabrics for a full well-covered appearance.
What do you mean by melange yarn?
A melange yarn is the yarn which is produced with various combinations of raw white & dyed cottons or dyed fibers. For example, if we mix 99% raw white cotton & 1% dyed cotton (of any color), then it will be called “Melange” yarn.
What is meant by texturing?
1. A structure of interwoven fibers or other elements. 2. The distinctive physical composition or structure of something, especially with respect to the size, shape, and arrangement of its parts: the texture of sandy soil; the texture of cooked fish.
What are the properties of yarn?
Yarn properties such as unevenness, hairiness, friction, roughness, shape, diameter, density, spinning technology and the raw material, and fabric properties such as fabric type and knitting structure, are the most important parameters that should be taken into consideration during the analysis of fabric surface …
What is texture in textile?
Texture describes the body and surface of fabric. Textures may be rough or smooth, coarse or fine, crisp or clingy, soft or stiff, thin or bulky, opaque or sheer, shiny or dull, heavy or light, or any combination of these characteristics.